blood vessels and nerves and decrease the body's ability to fight infection. You may not notice a foot injury until an infection develops. Death of skin and other tissue can occur.
If left untreated, the affected foot may need to be amputated. Diabetes is the most common condition leading to amputations.
To prevent injury to the feet, check and care for your feet every day.
With good blood glucose and blood pressure control, many of the complications of diabetes can be prevented.
Studies have shown that strict control of blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure levels in persons with diabetes helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack, and stroke.
There are complications with diabetes.
Emergency complications include:
*Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma
*Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Long-term complications include:
*Atherosclerosis
*Coronary artery disease
*Diabetic nephropathy
*Diabetic neuropathy
*Diabetic retinopathy
*Erection problems
*Hyperlipidemia
*Hypertension
*Infections of the skin and urinary tract
*Peripheral vascular disease
*Stroke
Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have symptoms of ketoacidosis:
*Abdominal pain
*Deep and rapid breathing
*Increased thirst and urination
*loss of consciousness
*Nausea
*Sweet-smelling breath
Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemic coma or severe insulin reaction):
*Confusion
*Convulsions or unconsciousness
*Dizziness
*Double vision
*Drowsiness
*Headache
*Lack of coordination
*Weakness
Maintaining an ideal body weight and an active lifestyle may prevent type 2 diabetes. Currently there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes in people who don't have symptoms.
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